Rothas Fort-Asian Historical Architecture.

Shersha Suri defeated empire Hamayan in 1541 and to block his entry back to India and to suppress the powerful local tribe ‘GHAKHAR ‘he built the fort in 1541-43 and the task was assigned to Todar Mahal .Sher Shah Suri died before the fort was fully completed and the chief aim of the fort became redundant ,because Humayan returned to rule the Punjab. In a larger irony, the fort then became the capital of the Gakkars–the very people Sher Shah Suri had aimed to subdue.

2.Nur Jhan,the light of world,no other women ever held such a powerful position in the history of Moghuls, The emperor Jahanghir stayed twice in this fort,one on  way to Kashmir and second time when  Malka-e-Azam  Nur Jhan secured his release from a Afghan ruler Mohabat Khan.  On way back he held a darbar at the fort.

3.It was no longer even a military necessity as the Gakkars remained steadfast Mughal allies. Militarisation of the fort only began in the waning years of the Mughals when maha raja  Rajit Singh, the Sikh emperor, took control of the Punjab. An emboldened general Gurmukh Singh Lamba captured the fort from the Ghakhar chief Nur Khan in 1825, and it was later handed to Sardar Mohar Singh and was subsequently leased to others. The final military use of the fort took place when Raja Fazal Din Khan joined Sher Singh in rebellion, though the fort did not see any action.

4.The fort was added to the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1997.

The Fort Of Jamrud

The battle of Jamrud in 1837 became the last contradiction  between  the Sikhs and the Afghans. It was  a scene of glorious fight  where General Hari Singh Nalwa of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was  wounded later died while defending the fort. Afghans retreated to Kabul to deal with the Persian threat  on its western border.

2.Where Khalsa Sarkar nominated Sarder General Gurmukh Singh Lamba one of eminent general of Maharaja, Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba as political cum military commander to safe guard the gains of Khalsa Sarkar including the fort of Jamrud.  As the result of this battle the lonely plant (Jamrud Fort) 18 Km East of Pashwar,and Kyber Pass became the western limits of Sikh influence.

3.In 1839,  Maharaja Ranjit Singh with his troops enter in Kabul to take part in the victory parade along with the British after restoring Shah Shojato to Afghan throne at Kabul.

Remembering Days Spent at St:George’s College Mussoorie

I recollect my young days,a way back early fifties,my memories with St George’s are still fresh.An Insitution of class,one used to feel proud to be the student of the college.In our times there used to be one class ,no sections strength remained twelve  to fifteen students in class.Close and friendly relation ship between staff and the students  existed which I feel is,necessary to build character traits to pass out as perfect gentlemen.

2 .Our class room used to be in the main building on ground floor as you enter on left side.Well our maths teacher Munshi Ji,an old father like personality strict in his dealing.We were tought physis by Mr Day and the chemistry by Mr Pandey, both pleasant but  kept the waitage in the business,there used to be never a  short cut for students except to learn In principle office Mr Joshi always kept his image.After noons were spent with Mr Wood pleasant personality who developed sport men spirit,Who always said wining is not important,the way you enjoyed the game ,or who you played. is matter.All being under supervision of the Head man Irish Principal Brother Ryon.,a tall personality,a strict watchman who kept the team united and in high spirit.

St Georg -Prize-Balazer

Master Harjeet Singh Lamba-1956



ISt Georges Coolge Mussoorie Olumpics 1956

Cross Country Marathon Mussoorie Olympics 1956 Prize.


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3.We belong to St George’s Collage Manor House  at that time there was a one house known as  a Manor House.I was good in sports won second prize in Mussoorie Olympic ,Cross Country Race and prizes in athletics  events.Passed out in 1956.