A JOURNEY OF TWO-N-HALF CENTURY.

Geg Gurmukh Singh-1

 Ancestors- and- We.
1.Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba was one of most renewed general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh who was wounded fifteen times ,eight times by musket balls,thrice by spear thrust,thrice by sword cuts and once by an arrow.He was a recipient of highest militar award Izat-e-Sardari and civil awards of Nirmal bud and Ujal didar. His portrait painting is displayed at Central  museum Lahore at serial D-40 with caption.
2.Sir Lepel Henry Griffin and Charles Francis Massy September,in 1890 writes in their books ‘Chief of Punjab’ and ‘Chiefs and Families of Note in Punjab that “The detailed account of the military services of the sardar be the history of all the wars of the sikh empire.”
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Ranjit11

Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

3.He was with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in capture of Lahore in 1799. He took part in Kassur battle and  he succeeded in capture of famous fort of Moranada from the grand son of Ahmed Shah Abdali and where he got wounded by the thrust of spear and awarded Rupees eighty-two thousand annual Jagir of Kassur ilaqa for his remarkable achievement by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh .Next year he was present in the siege of Multan and aided in the reduction of Sahiwal and Kushab .He commanded a division in the battle of Attock in 1813.
4. When the Afghans and the Kabul Wazir were driven out of Punjab,he fought in Kashmir and all along the northern and north-western borders of the province .Fifteen times he was wounded in battles,eight times by musket balls,thrice by sword cuts,thrice by spear thrusts,and once by an arrow .When Sikh Army under Tara Chand on the way to Banur (J& K) was attacked by Dilasha Khan,the cowardly general fled leaving the prestigious guns in the hand of enemy, Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba charged at head of his horsemen and captured the artillery guns when the enemy was in rejosing mood.
5.He had an honour to command Maharaja most prestigious troops Fauj-e-Khas .Sir Lepel Henry Griffin writes in his book” Chief of Punjab.”The detail account of the military services of the sardar ,be the history of all the wars of the Sikh empire”
6.When Nar Singh Chamiari wala died,his 1800 hundred troops along with horses were placed under command of the Sardar .In 1825 he captured the famous fort of Rothas from the Ghakhar cheif Nur Khan father of Sardar Fazal Dad Khan. To day this fort is known as UNESCO heritage Fort.

1899-37074

Fort of Jamrud 1836.

7.Jamrud township, was an important place at the mouth of the Kaybir pass,10 miles off Peshawar .It was out most limit of the Sikh empire .In 1837 the Afghans laid a siege of Jamrud Fort when most of the sikh troops were away to Lahore, busy in the celebration of the marriage of Sardar Naunihal Singh grandson of Maharaja.Dogra Raja’s Dhain and Gulab Singh in league with Dost Mohammed leaked the information.Seige was laid by Afghan’s outnumbering the Sikh troops .Reinforcement was intently delayed and denied by the Dogra Rajas .It was a glorious battle between Sikhs and Afghans .Sardar General Hari Singh Nalwa succeeded in breaking the siege in spite of Afghans having 1 to 20 superiority over sikhs. Where Sardar General Hari Singh Nalwa was wounded and later died. Khalsa Sarkar Wazir Jawahar Singh nominated Sardar Gurmukh Singh Lamba to be the chief administrator cum military commander to restore the situation and consolidate the gains of Sikh army.

9 Sardar, along with Sardar Bur Singh of Mukeria was task to take charge of Maharani Jindan,whom it was necessary to confine in the fort of Shekupura .He discharged his difficult duties with fidelity and discretion.

10. Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba’s painting portrait is dis played at serial D-40 Central Museum Lahore with caption which reads……...”His popularity,however made him incur the enmity of Main brothers (Raja Gulab & Dhain Singh) who by the hostile in flunce over Ranjit Singh reduced his power.( Both were gunning for the Sardar not that he defeated their father Main Kishora Singh but later also refused to toe to their lines & to join their team to break the Khalsa Sarkar).On death-bed Ranjit Singh is said to have realised the wrong done to his faithful general and he commissioned his son Raja Kharak Singh to restore his former Jagirs and power”.

11. The famous author of Sikh history Joseph Davey Cunningham was dis missed by Lord Dalhousie for leaking out military paper that Raja Gulab Singh (Prime Minister of Khalsa Sarkar) had a secret understanding with the British.Sikh lost their hard-earned kingdom and Dogra Raja’s were rewarded ‘J&K including Ladakh’ as a booty for betraying their master. Continue reading

A JOURNEY OF TWO-N-HALF CENTENARY (1772-2017)

Geg Gurmukh Singh-1 Ancestors- and- We.
1.Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba was one of most renewed general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh who was wounded fifteen times ,eight times by musket balls,thrice by spear thrust,thrice by sword cuts and once by an arrow.He was a recipient of highest military award Izat-e-Sardari and civil awards of Nirmal bud and Ujal didar. His portrait painting is displayed at Central  museum Lahore at serial D-40 with caption..
2.Sir Lepel Henry Griffin,book “The Punjab Chiefs Edition-1865” and Charles Francis Massy September,in 1890 writes in their books  “Chiefs and Families of Note in Punjab” that “The detailed account of the military services of the sardar be the history of all the wars of the sikh empire.

Ranjit11
Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

3.He was with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in capture of Lahore in 1799. He took part in Kassur battle and  he succeeded in capture of famous fort of Morada from the grand son of Ahmed Shah Abdali and where he got wounded by the thrust of spear and awarded Rupees eighty-two thousand annual Jagir of Kassur ilaqa for his remarkable achievement by the Maharaja Ranjit Singh .Next year he was present in the siege of Multan and aided in the reduction of Sahiwal and Kushab .He commanded a division in the battle of Attock in 1813.
4. When the Afghans and the Kabul Wazir were driven out of Punjab,he fought in Kashmir and all along the northern and north-western borders of the province .Fifteen times he was wounded in battles,eight times by musket balls,thrice by sword cuts,thrice by spear thrusts,and once by an arrow .When Sikh Army under Tara Chand on the way to Banur (J& K) was attacked by Dilasha Khan,the cowardly general fled leaving the prestigious guns in the hand of enemy, Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba charged at head of his horsemen and captured the artillery guns when the enemy was in rejosing mood.
5.He had an honour to command Maharaja most prestigious troops Fauj-e-Khas. Aneeta Charkrabarty in her book tilled”Maharaja Ranjit Singh-Archited of Many splendid Empire”,General Sardar Gurmukh Singh was wounded several times by musket balls, sword cuts,Spear thrusts and by an arrow,but the gentry warrior fought caring not for life or limbs,such general stand out as sparking mile stone in the dim corridor of the nation history .
6.When Nar Singh Chamiari wala died,his 1806 hundred troops along with horses were placed under command of the Sardar .In 1825 he captured the famous fort of Rothas from the Ghakhar cheif Nur Khan father of Sardar Fazal Dad Khan. To day this fort is known as UNESCO heritage Fort.

1899-37074

Fort of Jamrud 1836.

7.Jamrud township, was an important place at the mouth of the Kaybir pass,10 miles off Peshawar .It was out most limit of the Sikh empire .In 1837 the Afghans laid a siege of Jamrud Fort when most of the sikh troops were away to Lahore, busy in the celebration of the marriage of Sardar Naunihal Singh grandson of Maharaja.Dogra Raja’s Dhain and Gulab Singh in league with Dost Mohammed leaked the information.Seige was laid by Afghan’s outnumbering the Sikh troops .Reinforcement was intently delayed and denied by the Dogra Rajas .It was a glorious battle between Sikhs and Afghans .Sardar General Hari Singh Nalwa succeeded in breaking the siege in spite of Afghans having 1 to 20 superiority over sikhs. Where Sardar General Hari Singh Nalwa was wounded and later died. Khalsa Sarkar Wazir Jawahar Singh nominated Sardar Gurmukh Singh Lamba to be the chief administrator cum military commander to restore the situation and consolidate the gains of Sikh army.

9 Sardar, along with Sardar Bur Singh of Mukeria was task to take charge of Maharani Jindan,whom it was necessary to confine in the fort of Shekupura .He dischargehd his difficult duties with fidelity and discretion.

10. Sardar General Gurmukh Singh Lamba’s painting portrait is dis played at serial D-40 Central Museum Lahore with caption which reads……...”His popularity,however made him incur the enmity of Main brothers (Raja Gulab & Dhain Singh) who by the hostile in flunce over Ranjit Singh reduced his power.( Both were gunning for the Sardar not that he defeated their father Main Kishora Singh but later also refused to toe to their lines & to join their team to break the Khalsa Sarkar).On death-bed Ranjit Singh is said to have realised the wrong done to his faithful general and he commissioned his son Raja Kharak Singh to restore his former Jagirs and power”.

11. The famous author of Sikh history Joseph Davey Cunningham was dis missed by Lord Dalhousie for leaking out military paper that Raja Gulab Singh (Prime Minister of Khalsa Sarkar) had a secret understanding with the British.Sikh lost their hard-earned kingdom and Dogra Raja’s were rewarded ‘J&K including Ladakh’ as a booty for betraying their master. Continue reading

Rothas Fort-Asian Historical Architecture.

Shersha Suri defeated empire Hamayan in 1541 and to block his entry back to India and to suppress the powerful local tribe ‘GHAKHAR ‘he built the fort in 1541-43 and the task was assigned to Todar Mahal .Sher Shah Suri died before the fort was fully completed and the chief aim of the fort became redundant ,because Humayan returned to rule the Punjab. In a larger irony, the fort then became the capital of the Gakkars–the very people Sher Shah Suri had aimed to subdue.

2.Nur Jhan,the light of world,no other women ever held such a powerful position in the history of Moghuls, The emperor Jahanghir stayed twice in this fort,one on  way to Kashmir and second time when  Malka-e-Azam  Nur Jhan secured his release from a Afghan ruler Mohabat Khan.  On way back he held a darbar at the fort.

3.It was no longer even a military necessity as the Gakkars remained steadfast Mughal allies. Militarisation of the fort only began in the waning years of the Mughals when maha raja  Rajit Singh, the Sikh emperor, took control of the Punjab. An emboldened general Gurmukh Singh Lamba captured the fort from the Ghakhar chief Nur Khan in 1825, and it was later handed to Sardar Mohar Singh and was subsequently leased to others. The final military use of the fort took place when Raja Fazal Din Khan joined Sher Singh in rebellion, though the fort did not see any action.

4.The fort was added to the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1997.